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A Stable Home May Delay Diagnosis of Childhood Disorders
Two children, Bryan and Joe, complain of episodes of breathlessness after failing a class. While Bryan has a stable home life, is well liked by his friends parents 8217 and normally does well in school, Joe has troubles at home, in addition to disciplinary issues and sub-par grades. Which, if either, of these boys has panic disorder According to new research in Clinical Psychological Science , a journal of the Association of Psychological Science, children ...
Psychological Science - Tue. Sep 19
‘Gender-Blind’ Thinking May Help Reduce Workplace Confidence Gap
Men have historically dominated workplace environments, due in large part to social, legal, and organizational norms that view professional advancement through a male-centric lens. It is up to organizations to make changes that allow women to succeed and the responsibility of HR departments and the legal system to ensure women aren t being treated unfairly. While changing the architecture of organizations and their policies so that they benefit all employe ...
Psychological Science - Fri. Sep 15
Eye Movements Reveal Temporal Expectation Deficits in ADHD
A technique that measures tiny movements of the eyes may help scientists better understand and perhaps eventually improve assessment of ADHD, according to new research published in Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychological Science . Emerging evidence shows that small involuntary eye movements saccades and microsaccades are a promising new tool for shedding light on the hidden workings of mental processes like attention and anti ...
Psychological Science - Wed. Sep 13
Counterarguments Are Critical to Debunking Misinformation
It s no use simply telling people they have their facts wrong. To be more effective at correcting misinformation in news accounts and intentionally misleading fake news, you need to provide a detailed counter-message with new information and get your audience to help develop a new narrative. Those are some takeaways from an extensive new meta-analysis of debunking studies published in the journal Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psy ...
Psychological Science - Wed. Sep 13
Cooperation Driven by Reciprocity, Not Conformity
From an evolutionary perspective, cooperating with others can yield benefits that increase chances of survival. But what are the conditions that motivate us to cooperate New research suggests that reciprocity cooperation under the assumption that we will receive benefits in return outweighs our desire to conform with group norms when we re deciding whether to cooperate with someone. The research is published in Psychological Science , a journal of the Asso ...
Psychological Science - Mon. Sep 11
Science Reveals a Silver Lining to Dark Behaviors
For psychological scientists, exploring the less pleasant aspects of individual and social nature is an occasional necessity. The nasty, mean, and dark aspects of human behavior, thought, and emotion need exploring as much as the kind and bright aspects do. Painting a phenomenon as all bad or all good risks limiting the questions we ask about it. It is valuable to know, for instance, why aggression can sometimes feel good. Learning about the ways that chil ...
Psychological Science - Sat. Sep 9
Motivating Messages Differ for Underdogs and Favorites
At work or in play, a little friendly competition can be a motivator. But it s rarely fun or motivating going into a competition knowing your team is expected to lose. Of course, being the top dog comes with its own pressures. What is the best way to motivate these groups Could psychological science help create the perfect locker room speech New research from Robert B. Lount Jr. of the Ohio State University and colleagues, details how favorites and underdo ...
Psychological Science - Wed. Sep 6
Making the Case for Prediction Over Explanation
Through centuries of study, physical scientists have sought good explanations for the phenomena they study, helping the field generalize specific observations to the wider world. It was Sir Isaac Newton s theory of gravity that led astronomers 200 years later to mathematically predict the discovery of a major planet, Neptune. But in psychological science, explanations don 8217 t always yield useful predictions. The explanations given for behavior and thoug ...
Psychological Science - Tue. Sep 5
Behavior and Brain Sciences Help Optimize Labor Programs
Change in large organizations tends to come slowly. Despite a growing knowledge base of evidence-based practices that can help organizations save money, work more effectively, and keep employees engaged and satisfied, institutional inertia remains a huge roadblock. A new program from a large government agency, the US Department of Labor DOL , aims to accelerate change within their own system. The DOL implemented interventions from 2014 to 2017 with the goa ...
Psychological Science - Thu. Aug 31
Trying to Get Ahead? Plan in Reverse, Study Suggests
Motivation research has found that we tend to be the most driven and enthusiastic about a project when we begin it and when we re about to complete it. It is the pile of problems, work, and minor hassles in the middle of the two that turn determination wet-graham-cracker soft. Researchers from the Peking University HSBC Business School, the Korea University Business School, and the University of Iowa collaborated to see if goal-planning methods affected mo ...
Psychological Science - Thu. Aug 31
Romantic Matches Are Hard to Predict Before People Meet
Dating websites often claim attraction between two people can be predicted from the right combination of traits and preferences, but a new study casts doubt on that assertion. The findings are published in the journal Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychological Science . The study , which used speed dating data, found that a computer-based algorithm could predict who is desirable and how much someone would desire others who s hot ...
Psychological Science - Thu. Aug 31
Psychological Science Introduces New Replication Category
Psychological Science has launched a new category of articles called Preregistered Direct Replications PDRs replications of studies published previously in the APS flagship journal. PDRs aim to employ as closely as possible the same methods and procedures as the original study to determine if the original effects are reproduced. The aim is to create conditions that competent experts agree test the same hypotheses in essentially the same way as the original ...
Psychological Science - Wed. Aug 23
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